Turpan has the Turpan Water Museum dedicated to demonstrating its karez water system, and the ingenious water irrigation system, as well as exhibiting other historical artifacts. The museum has pictures and models instructing on the history of the karez system, and there are underground tunnels people can walk in and see a karez.
Turpan's karez water system is made up of a horizontal series of vertically dug wells that are linked by underground water canals to collect water from the watershed surface runoff from the base of the Tian Shan Mountains and the nearby Flaming Mountains. While driving along highway 312 toward Turpan, it will look like giant ant piles or gopher holes lined up in a neat row. A birds eye view would look something like this
Karez, an irrigation system of wells connected by under channels used in Xinjiang for its natural environment of the drought climate with being lack of water. It was created by the local people in ancient times and has improved a lot on its digging skills