24 January 2015


The Uyghurs established the Kingdom of Gaochong in 850.  The inhabitants of Gaochang practised Buddhism, Manicheism and Nestorian Christianity.  The Buddhist Uyghur kings, who called themselves idiquts, retained their nomadic lifestyle, residing in Gaochang during the winter but moved to the cooler Bishbalik near Urumchi in the summer.

The Uyghurs of the Kingdom of Gaochang were allowed significant autonomy by the Mongols but was finally destroyed by them in the 14th century.

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